Exotic Pets

Emerald Tree Boa Care Tips: Everything You Need To Know

Emerald Tree Boas are undoubtedly one of the most captivating snakes in the reptile kingdom. With their striking green color, large size, and impressive coiling abilities, they make great additions to any snake lover’s collection. However, owning an Emerald Tree Boa comes with great responsibility, and it’s crucial to provide them with the proper care to ensure they thrive in captivity.

Emerald Tree Boas require a tall, spacious enclosure with ample vertical climbing surfaces and hide boxes. Temperature range should be between 78-88°F during the day and 72-80°F at night while humidity levels should be maintained between 60-80%. Ensure proper lighting and photoperiod, as well as cleanliness, to maintain their health.


Housing and Enclosure Requirements

Finding the right enclosure for your Emerald Tree Boa is crucial for their overall well-being. These arboreal reptiles require a tall and spacious enclosure to climb and move around freely. A vivarium with a minimum height of 6 feet and a minimum width of 2 feet would provide them with ample space to explore.


The following are the housing and enclosure requirements for Emerald Tree Boa.


Climbing Surfaces

Ensure that the enclosure has enough vertical climbing surfaces to stimulate your Emerald Tree Boa’s natural behavior. Adding branches, vines, and other perching structures will promote their physical and mental health.


Hide Box

Provide a hide box for them to retreat and hide when they feel stressed or threatened. This is especially important during shedding periods when your Emerald Tree Boa may feel vulnerable.

Hide Box


Temperature and Humidity

Maintaining the right temperature and humidity levels is crucial for the survival of Emerald Tree Boas. The ideal temperature range should be between 78-88°F during the day and 72-80°F at night. The humidity level should be maintained between 60-80%.

Installing a good quality hygrometer and thermometer can help monitor and maintain the right temperature and humidity levels.



Regularly clean and sanitize the enclosure to maintain your Emerald Tree Boa’s health and hygiene. This will help prevent the buildup of harmful bacteria and parasites which can affect your pet’s health.


Temperature and Humidity Control

Maintaining proper temperature and humidity levels is essential to ensure the health and well-being of your Emerald Tree Boa. Here are the temperature and humidity control for Emerald Tree Boa.


Temperature Range

The ideal temperature range for an Emerald Tree Boa enclosure should be between 78-88°F during the day and 72-80°F at night. To monitor and maintain the temperature, you can use a thermometer or a temperature gun.

It’s essential to ensure that there’s a temperature gradient in the enclosure to allow your pet to regulate their body temperature. You can provide a basking spot for your Emerald Tree Boa with a temperature of 88-90°F to enable optimal digestion.


Humidity Levels

Maintaining the right humidity level in your Emerald Tree Boa’s enclosure is critical. The humidity level should be between 60-80%, and it’s essential to monitor it regularly using a hygrometer to avoid humidity-related health issues.

You can increase humidity levels by spraying water inside the enclosure or providing a large water dish. You can also cover part of the screen top with aluminum foil to retain moisture.

Humidity Levels


Lighting and Photoperiod

Lighting and photoperiod are essential to maintain the health of Emerald Tree Boas. The right amount of natural or artificial light helps keep your pet active, regulate their circadian rhythm, and enhance their overall well-being.

Proper lighting and photoperiod are crucial to promoting the health and well-being of your Emerald Tree Boa.



In the wild, Emerald Tree Boas are exposed to natural sunlight, which provides them with essential UVB radiation. In captivity, it’s essential to provide artificial UVB lighting to maintain optimal health and body functions.

While choosing a UVB bulb, it’s crucial to select the right wattage and bulb strength that suits your enclosure size. Ensure that the bulb placement is appropriate to ensure that your pet receives enough UVB radiation.



Emerald Tree Boas require a photoperiod, which means providing a regular light schedule of 12-14 hours of daylight and 10-12 hours of darkness.

Ensuring that your Emerald Tree Boa receives the right amount of daylight and darkness can help regulate their circadian rhythm. Too much or too little daylight can affect their sleep cycle, feeding schedule, and overall health and well-being.

If you’re using a timer to regulate the photoperiod, make sure that you set it correctly and regularly check that it’s functioning correctly.


Feeding and Nutrition

Proper feeding and nutrition are essential to maintaining the health of your Emerald Tree Boa. Here are some tips to ensure your pet’s nutritional needs are met.

Here are the the feeding and nutrition control for Emerald Tree Boa.


Prey Items

Emerald Tree Boas are carnivores and feed primarily on rodents such as mice and rats. You can feed your pet frozen or thawed prey items. Live prey is not recommended as it can be dangerous and lead to injury to your pet.

Ensure that the prey item is an appropriate size for your Emerald Tree Boa. Avoid feeding your pet prey that is too large as it can lead to digestive issues. Below is a table to help you determine the appropriate prey size for your Emerald Tree Boa based on their weight.

Weight of Emerald Tree Boa Prey Size
50-100 grams Pinkie
101-200 grams Small Fuzzies
201-500 grams Large Fuzzies
501-800 grams Small Adults
801-1200 grams Medium Adults
1200 grams or more Large Adults

Feeding Schedule

Emerald Tree Boas should be fed once every 1-2 weeks. Younger snakes may require more frequent feedings. Avoid overfeeding your pet as obesity can lead to health issues.


Nutritional Supplements

It’s crucial to provide your Emerald Tree Boa with the necessary nutritional supplements to ensure their overall health. You can dust the prey items with calcium and vitamin D3 supplements to support bone health.

Ensure that your Emerald Tree Boa has access to clean water at all times. Replace the water regularly to prevent the buildup of harmful bacteria.


Common Health Issues and Prevention

Emerald Tree Boas are generally hardy pets, but certain health issues can arise. Identifying common health issues and practicing preventive measures can help ensure your pet’s well-being.

Here are some common health issues and their prevention methods:

Common Health Issues and Prevention

Common Health Issues and Prevention

  • Respiratory Infections: Respiratory infections are a common health issue among Emerald Tree Boas. They can be caused due to inadequate temperature and humidity levels. Symptoms include wheezing, mucus buildup, and breathing difficulties. Providing optimal temperature and humidity levels and ensuring a clean enclosure can help prevent respiratory infections.
  • Mouth Rot: Mouth Rot is caused by bacterial infections and can result in inflammation and discharge in the mouth. Poor sanitation, stress, and injuries can increase the risk of mouth rot. Ensuring proper hygiene, maintaining optimal temperature and humidity levels, and providing appropriate nutrition can help prevent mouth rot.
  • Parasites: Parasites such as ticks, mites, and internal parasites can affect the overall health of your Emerald Tree Boa. Regularly cleaning the enclosure and inspecting your pet for signs of parasites can help prevent parasitic infections.
  • Digestive Issues: Overfeeding, feeding large prey items, and temperatures that are too low can lead to digestive issues such as constipation and regurgitation. Ensuring proper feeding schedules, prey size, and temperature control can help prevent digestive issues.
  • Scale Rot: Scale Rot is a bacterial infection that affects the scales and can lead to open sores and tissue damage. It can be caused by an unclean or damp enclosure. Ensuring proper sanitation and maintaining optimal temperature and humidity levels can help prevent scale rot.


Breeding and Reproduction

Breeding and reproduction are important part of the life cycle of Emerald Tree Boas. These beautiful reptiles reach sexual maturity at two to four years of age. Captive-bred Emerald Tree Boas tend to breed better than wild specimens, as they’re used to living in captivity and have adapted well to their environment.

When preparing for breeding, it’s important to ensure that your Emerald Tree Boas are in optimal health. Ensure that they have adequate nutrition and access to proper basking and hiding spots.

During the breeding season, female Emerald Tree Boas can lay up to 10-15 eggs at a time. It’s essential to provide an incubation environment with the right temperature, humidity, and ventilation for the eggs to develop correctly. The ideal incubation temperature is 82-86°F with a humidity level of 75-85%.

Once the eggs have hatched, it’s important to monitor the hatchlings closely. Provide them with appropriate nutrition and temperatures as they mature. You can also provide small branches and perches for them to climb and basking spots to regulate their body temperatures.

Breeding and Reproduction


In conclusion

The care and keeping of Emerald Tree Boas require attention to detail, patience, and dedication. These beautiful yet elusive snakes require a specialized habitat, consistent humidity levels, and a proper diet to remain healthy. Moreover, it is important to note that these creatures are not recommended for novice snake keepers due to their unique needs and behaviors.

However, with enough research, preparation, and care, anyone can provide an enriching and fulfilling life for an Emerald Tree Boa.

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